The city occupies 1,568.7 square kilometres (605.7 sq mi) in the Chao Phraya River delta in Central Thailand, and has a population of over 8 million, or 12.6 percent of the country's population.
Over 14 million people (22.2 percent) lived within the surrounding Bangkok Metropolitan Region at the 2010 census, making Bangkok an extreme primate city, significantly dwarfing Thailand's other urban centres in terms of importance.
Rapid growth of the city continued through the 1980s and early 1990s, until it was stalled by the 1997 Asian financial crisis.
By then, many public and social issues had emerged, among them the strain on infrastructure reflected in the city's notorious traffic jams.
The city is well known for its vibrant street life and cultural landmarks, as well as its notorious red-light districts.It is named the most visited city in Master Card's Global Destination Cities Index, and was named "World's Best City" for four consecutive years by Travel Leisure magazine.Bangkok's rapid growth amidst little urban planning and regulation has resulted in a haphazard cityscape and inadequate infrastructure systems.The Asian investment boom in the 1980s and 1990s led many multinational corporations to locate their regional headquarters in Bangkok.The city is now a major regional force in finance and business.